BeneFIZe – research on selected topics

More than just peanuts

Photo: Andrii Gorulko/Shutterstock.com
Photo: Andrii Gorulko/Shutterstock.com

2016 – The International Year of Pulses

Pulses and legumes, i.e., beans, peas, peanuts, chickpeas, lentils, soy beans, lupines, etc., have quite a tough time with us. Our language in itself expresses a certain disdain for these plants: An annoying pedant is colloquially called a bean counter. Bankers disparagingly refer to “small, negligible” million dollar amounts as “peanuts“. The bible uses a pottage of lentils as an example of something worthless: Esau showed his contempt for his birthright by selling it for a pottage of lentils.1 And, what is more, legumes have the bad reputation of causing severe indigestion.


Keep your hands off the wheel

Kaiser Wilhelm II
Foto: Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH/Shutterstock.com

“I believe in horses. The automobile is a transitory phenomenon”, argued the last German monarch, Emperor Wilhelm II.1 Nevertheless, cars started to conquer the world and have by now become the individual mobility device par excellence. At the time of Emperor Wilhelm II, the transition from the horse to the car revolutionized mobility. Today, a new fundamental change seems to be imminent: from the passenger-driven car to the autonomous car. Many passionate drivers still find it hard to imagine that soon their car will drive, steer, brake, and park all on its own. The drivers and their driving skills lose in importance. The large automobile manufacturers have long since started the era of autonomous driving. But companies from sectors other than the automotive industry, too, sense new market opportunities. A search in the Derwent World Patent Index (DWPI) on STN impressively shows that R&D activities in this field have been strongly increasing throughout the last five years.2


The art of plastics recycling

shark sculpture made entirely of plastic pollution fished from the oceans ©WashedAshore.org
shark sculpture made entirely of plastic pollution fished from the oceans
© WashedAshore.org

Plastics have many positive and unique properties: Depending on their type, they can be extremely flexible, elastic or rigid, water-insoluble, sticky, thermoplastic, lighter than water, impact-resistant, sometimes birefringend, transparent or opaque, non-conducting, stronger than steel, and they seem to be ever-lasting. But despite their broad range of properties, all plastics share the same basic molecular structure. They all consist of long chains of repeating molecular units that are aligned like pearls on a string. The German chemist Hermann Staudinger is considered the discoverer of this substance class of macromolecules. In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on the structure of plastics.


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